Preaching the Crusades: Mendicant Friars and the Cross in the Thirteenth Century

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Cambridge University Press, Apr 16, 1998 - History - 202 pages
This study throws new light on both the history of the crusades and the mendicant orders in the thirteenth century. It describes the way in which the Franciscan and Dominican orders became involved in preaching the cross and examines their contribution to the crusading movement of the thirteenth century. The availability of a large number of trained preachers from the Franciscan and Dominican orders allowed the papacy to use them in order to provide the crusades with a well-organized and efficient propaganda back-up throughout Europe unknown before the thirteenth century. The book explains how the propaganda campaigns were organized and how the recruitment of crusaders took place. It shows that the mendicant friars became the most important group of crusade propagandists recruiting crusaders for virtually all thirteenth-century crusades. The book also shows that the friars were involved in providing finance for the crusades as part of their propaganda effort, despite their vows of absolute poverty. It also challenges the traditional pacifist view of the founder saints of the two orders by showing them to be supporters of the crusades themselves.
 

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Contents

The founder saints and the crusaders
8
Pope Gregory IX and the early friars
20
Papal crusade propaganda and the friars
32
Innocent IV
62
The later thirteenth century
79
The organization of the preaching of the cross in the provinces of the mendicant orders
96
Friars crusade sermons and preaching aids
111
The friars and the financing of the crusaders
123
The friars and the redemption of crusade vows
135
Conclusion
161
The crusade against the Drenther and the Establishment of the Dominican Inquisition on Germany
167
A list of thirteenth century sermons and exampla for the recruitment of crusaders
170
Bibliography
175
Index
191
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